Oral and maxillofacial surgery is recognized as an official dental specialty by the American Dental Association--though in some countries, it’s considered a medical specialty. Extensive post-graduate education is required to become an oral surgeon, including specific training in surgery and general medicine. However, it is possible for other dentists to perform some minor surgical procedures.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeries are used to treat everything from oral cancer to fractured jaws. Two well-known oral surgeries are wisdom teeth removal and full mouth extractions.
Free soft tissue grafting; connective tissue grafting and bone grafting are also oral surgery procedures. Soft tissue grafting is used to fight gum recession. Issues such as periodontal disease, aging, over brushing, trauma and poor tooth positioning are all causes of gum recession. These procedures are used to strengthen and rebuild bone and tissue than may have been lost due to problems like missing teeth or gum disease.